ticast (PIM) , distance vector multicast routing protocol (DVMRP) , and multicast on-demand distance vector routing protocol (MA ODV) ) or shared-tree-based (core based tree (CBT) ) approaches are used. The for-mer one constructs a multicast tree among all of the member node s for each source node; usually this is a shortest path tree. Multicast Zone Routing Protocol • Shared-tree source-initiated • Each node is associated with a zone Inside the zone, node knows the topology Outside the zone, let border nodes do routing • Source constructs a tree in two phases A1 Send TREE-CREATE to all nodes in the zone A2 Willing nodes reply with TREE-CREATE-ACK B1 Send TREE-PROPAGATE to all nodes. tree-based (MAODV) multicast routing protocols under a variety of MANET scenarios, as well as a qualitative comparison of the protocols based on our results. Section 5 describes scoped- and hyper ooding and Section 6 presents simulation results comparing their robustness and overhead relative to plain ooding, ODMRP, and MAODV.
Multicasting in MANETs, time: 34:37Tags:The shadow of yserbius,Little bitty alan jackson,Wheel of fortune game,Mozilla firefox kostenlos en mac